Total days en route


Distance covered:

580 km


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History of Greenland

Akilia Island in West Greenland, about 22 kilometers south of Nuuk is the location of a controversial rock outcropping believed to be the oldest known sedimentary rock no younger than 3.85 Ga, maybe older, and perhaps the oldest evidence of life on Earth.
History of Greenland If the Akilia rocks do show evidence of life at 3.85Ga, the time available for life to organize itself on Earth would be tightly limited, since other evidence suggests the Earth would not be hospitable to life before 3.9Ga.

Greenland was home to a number of Paleo-Eskimo cultures in prehistory, the latest of which (the Early Dorset culture) disappeared around the year 200 AD. Hereafter, the island seems to have been uninhabited for some eight centuries.
Icelandic settlers found the land uninhabited when they arrived c.982. They established three settlements near the very southwestern tip of the island, where they thrived for the next few centuries, and then disappeared after over 450 years of habitation.

The fjords of the southern part of the island were lush and had a warmer climate, possibly due to the Medieval Warm Period. The remote communities thrived and lived off farming, hunting and trading with the motherland, and a bishop was installed in Greenland as well. The settlements coexisted relatively peacefully with the Inuit, who had migrated southwards from the Arctic islands of North America around 1200. In 1261, Greenland became part of the Kingdom of Norway. Norway in turn entered into the union of Denmark-Norway.

History of Greenland

After almost five hundred years, the Scandinavian settlements vanished, possibly due to famine during the fifteenth century in the Little Ice Age, when contact with Europe was lost. Bones from this period were found to be in a condition consistent with malnutrition. Some believe the settlers were wiped out by bubonic plague or exterminated by the Inuit. Other historians speculated that Basque or English pirates or slave traders from the Barbary Coast contributed to the extinction of the Greenlandic communities.
Denmark-Norway reasserted its claim in 1721. The island's ties with Norway were severed by the Treaty of Kiel of 1814, through which Denmark retained Greenland.

History of Greenland

Greenland had been a protected and thereby isolated society until 1940. The Danish government had been convinced that the society would face exploitation from the outside world or even extinction if the country was opened up. During World War II, Greenland's connection to Denmark was severed in 1940 when Denmark was occupied by Germany. Through the cryolite from the mine in Ivigtut, Greenland was able to pay for goods bought in the United States and Canada. The Sirius Patrol, guarding the Northeastern shores of Greenland using dog sleds, detected and destroyed several German weather stations, giving Denmark a better position in the postwar turmoil.
In 1948 the first step towards an alteration of the governing of Greenland was initiated. Greenland was to be a modern welfare society with Denmark as the sponsor and example. In 1953 Greenland was made an equal part of the Danish Kingdom.

Source: Wikipedia